First record of the family Anyphaenidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from the Chiapas amber (Early Miocene, Mexico)

Authors

  • Miguel Ángel García-Villafuerte Museo de Paleontología “Eliseo Palacios Aguilera”, Departamento de Paleontología, Dirección de Gestión, Investigación y Educación Ambiental, Secretaría de Medio Ambiente e Historia Natural, Calzada de las Personas Ilustres s/n. C.P. 29000. Antiguo Parque Madero, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, Mexico.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4072/rbp.2020.3.01

Abstract

The first record of the spider family Anyphaenidae for the early Miocene Mexican Chiapas amber, a juvenile from Simojovel de Allende, is described. The specimen is assigned to the subfamily Anyphaeninae, based on the position of the tracheal spiracle.


Keywords: Chiapas, Araneae, Anyphaeninae, Miocene, amber.

 

É descrito o primeiro registro da família Anyphaenidae para âmbar de Chiapas, México, uma aranha juvenil, do Mioceno inferior de Simojovel de Allende. O espécime é atribuído à subfamília Anyphaeninae, com base na posição da espiráculo traqueal.


Palavras-chave: Chiapas, Araneae, Anyphaeninae, Mioceno, âmbar.

References

Brescovit, A.D. 1996. Revisão de Anyphaeninae Bertkau a nível de géneros na região Neotropical (Araneae, Anyphaenidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoología, 3: 1-187. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751996000500001

Calvillo-Canadell, L.; Cevallos-Ferriz, S. R. S. & Rico-Arce, L. 2010. Legume flowers preserved in amber from Simojovel de Allende Chiapas, Mexico. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 160: 126-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2010.02.007

García-Villafuerte, M.A. 2018. Primer registro fósil de un lapsino (Araneae, Salticidae) en el ámbar de Chiapas, México. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 70: 689-708.

García-Villafuerte, M.A. 2019. Metagonia esquincacanoi sp. nov.: el primer registro fósil de la familia Pholcidae (Arachnida: Araneae) para el ámbar de Chiapas, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 90:e902927 https://doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2019.90.2927.

García-Villafuerte, M.A. 2020. Una “araña pirata” (Araneae: Mimetidae) en el ámbar de Mioceno Temprano y actualización del listado de arañas fósiles para Chiapas, México. Acta Biológica Colombiana, 25(1): 155-161.

Poinar, Jr. G. & Brown, A. 2002. Hymenaea mexicana sp. nov. (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) from Mexican amber indicates Old World connections. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 139: 125-132. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1095-8339.2002.00053.x

Ramírez, M.J. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the subfamilies of Anyphaenidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Entomologica Scandinavica, 26: 361- 384. https://doi.org/10.1163/187631295X00053

Ramírez, M.J. 2003. The spider subfamily Amaurobioidinae (Araneae, Anyphaenidae): a phylogenetic revision at the generic level. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 277: 1-262. https://doi.org/10.1206/0003-0090(2003)277<0001:TSSAAA>2.0.CO;2

Ramírez, M.J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 390: 1-374. https://doi.org/10.1206/821.1

Richman, D.B. & Ubick, D. (2005) Anyphaenidae. In: D. Ubick; P. Paquin; P.E. Cushing & V. Roth (eds.) Spiders of North America: an identification manual. American Arachnological Society, Keene (New Hampshire), p. 66-67.

Solórzano-Kraemer, M.M. 2010. Mexican amber. In: D. Penney (ed.) Biodiversity of Fossils in Amber from the Major World Deposits. Siri Scientific Press, Manchester, p. 42-56.

Taylor, R.M. & Pfannenstiel, R.S. 2008. Nectar feeding by wandering spiders on cotton plants. Environmental Entomology, 37: 996-1002. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/37.4.996

Ubick, D.; Paquin, P.; Cushing, P. & Dupérré, N. (2005) Spiders of North America: an identification manual. American Arachnological Society, EUA, 377 p.

Vega, F.J.; Nyborg, T.; Coutiño, M.A.; Solé, J. & Hernández-Monzón, O. 2009. Neogene Crustacea from Southeastern Mexico: Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, 35: 51-69.

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, Ver. 20.0. Available from http://wsc.nmbe.ch (accessed in January 2020).

Young, O.P. & Edwards, G.B. 1990. Spiders in United States field crops and their potential effect on crop pests. Journal of Arachnology, 18: 1-27.

Downloads

Published

2020-10-30

How to Cite

García-Villafuerte, M. Ángel. (2020). First record of the family Anyphaenidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from the Chiapas amber (Early Miocene, Mexico). Revista Brasileira De Paleontologia, 23(3), 165-170. https://doi.org/10.4072/rbp.2020.3.01